1. Brain injury awareness and orientation

Causes of Brain Injury

Common causes of brain injury are:

Car or Motorbike Accident

  • Wearing your seatbelt and using the correct child restraint will help keep you safe
  • Motorbike riders need to take extra care to stay safe on the road and wear protective clothing.


  • Bleeding or blockage of blood vessels in the brain can cause a brain injury. 
  • Children and adults can have a stroke at any age


Falls are the largest cause of injuries in children.

  • Windows should not open more than 10cm
  • Use safety gates on stairs
  • Helmets on when riding your bike, quad bike or horse
  • Take care at the playground

Bicycle Accident

  • Always wear your helmet.
  • Learn the road rules. 
  • Use bike paths when available


  • Supervise bath time
  • Make sure pools are securely fenced
  • Always supervise children around water

Infection in the brain

  • Brain infections (e.g. Encephalitis or Meningitis) can cause children to become very unwell
  • Recovery is different for everyone and depends on the cause of the infection and the age of the child

Pedestrian Accidents

  • Hold an adults hand to cross the road
  • Use the lights or crossing when available


  • Concussion is a mild brain injury.  Stop playing if you have symptoms
  • See your GP if you have symptoms like confusion, vomiting or dizziness after a hit to the head


  • Epilepsy is caused by disturbances in the electrical and chemical activity of the brain
  • Seizures can cause brain injury in some people – this depends on what type of seizures

Skateboards, Scooters & Inline Skating Accidents

  • Always wear protective clothing and a helmet
  • Use this equipment in safe areas away from traffic





Understanding Acquired Brain Injury


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Acquired Brain Injury : The Facts      The practical guide to understanding and responding to acquired brain injury and challenging behaviours
TIPS ANDTRICKS Supporting young people after brain injury      Tips and tricks for supporting young people:
Glossary of Terms for Acquire Brain Injury (ABI)      Glossary of Terms

The NSW Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program (BIRP)


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Families Coping with Loss and Change After  Brain Injury    Coping with loss and change.  Information for families and strategies for self care.
The Brain Injury Guide and Resources: Traumatic Brain Injury in Children    Topics: Cognitive Development in Children, Causes of TBI in Children, Consequences of TBI in Children, Returning to School following TBI, Management Strategies, Prevention of TBI in Children, Resources for TBI in Children
My Adult Child has an ABI    Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) can be a devastating experience for the parents of an injured adult child.
Possible Reactions
Relationship and Role Changes
Practical Consequences of ABI
The NSW Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program (BIRP)    The NSW Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program provides a continuum of specialist clinical services for children, young people and adults of working age with a hospital admission for a significant traumatic acquired brain injury (TBI)
What brain injury surviors want you to know     What is the experience of brain injury from the perspective of someone with a brain injury?  Useful tips on how to respond, what helps and what doesn't.
NDIS planning Cerebral Palsy Alliance (CCPA) Preparation & Support Summary"    CPA preparation and support summary form: this is a good example of an NDIS provider organisations resources to assist planning conversations with children and caregivers.
NDIS Pre-planning Toolkit for people with an ABI    A Pre-planning Toolkit for people with an Acquired Brain Injury entering Higher Education or Vocational Education and Training



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Royal childrens Hospital Melbourne Fact sheets on a variety of topics related to paediatric brain injury produced by the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne.
Synapse A parents pack of multiple fact sheets on a range of topics including emerging sexuality, language and living skills, drugs and alcohol plus lots more

Youth with impairments

From CP-NET on Vimeo.